Human Rights in Cuba

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Posted on Friday, 02.28.14

‘Cuban Five’ agent imprisoned in US back in Havana

HAVANA — A second member of the “Cuban Five” returned to the Caribbean
island and a hero’s welcome Friday, a day after leaving a in the
United States, where he spent 15 years behind bars on spy-related charges.

Fernando Gonzalez arrived at the Havana around noon local time
and was greeted by his mother and wife. State television showed
President saluting Gonzalez, shaking his hand and then
pulling him into a long bear hug.

In brief comments to local reporters, Gonzalez thanked Cubans for their
support during his long incarceration. He said he had been in the
custody of U.S. immigration officials since walking out of jail on
Thursday, and only truly felt free when he set foot on the tarmac in Havana.

“It’s a happiness that is difficult to describe,” he said, but added
that “a piece is still missing” — his three fellow agents still behind
bars in the United States.

Foreign journalists were not allowed access to cover his arrival.

U.S. Immigration and Enforcement spokeswoman Barbara Gonzalez in
Washington confirmed that the agency “removed” Gonzalez from the country
Friday, but did not comment further.

Gonzalez, 50, and four others were in 1998 and convicted in
2001 in Miami on charges including conspiracy and failure to register as
foreign agents in the U.S.

Prosecutors argued at trial that they sought to infiltrate military
bases and monitored militant Cuban exile groups opposed to the communist
government in Havana.

Havana hails the men as patriots and “anti-terrorist” fighters, and
maintains they were only keeping tabs on the exile groups to prevent
terrorist attacks in Cuba. It says they were no threat to U.S.
sovereignty, and calls the long prison sentences unjust.

Rene Gonzalez — no relation — became the first to finish his sentence in
2011. He returned to Cuba last year after serving part of a
judge-imposed period of supervised release and renouncing his American

“Those of us who love (Fernando Gonzalez) and admire him celebrate him
today,” Gerardo Hernandez, who is still in prison, said in a statement
published by Cuban media.

“Convinced that our struggle (to be released) is reinforced by another
standard-bearer, we send him a big hug,” he said.

Hernandez is serving a life sentence for murder conspiracy in connection
with the 1996 killings of four “” pilots whose
planes were shot down by Cuban fighter jets. The organization dropped
pro-democracy leaflets over Cuba and assisted Cuban migrants trying to
reach the U.S.

Cuban-American congresswoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, a Republican from
Florida, lamented that Gonzalez was released the same week that Cuban
exiles commemorate the anniversary of the downing of the planes.

“Gonzalez and his fellow convicted spies have blood on their hands for
following orders from the Castro brothers, who will use this release
from prison as a propaganda coup,” she said in a statement.

A celebratory concert in honor of the Cuban Five was planned for
Saturday night at the of Havana, with about 10 musical acts
on the bill including the popular salsa group Los Van Van.

Gonzalez was originally sentenced to 19 years, but that was reduced on
appeal along with the sentences of two others.

Antonio Guerrero is the next scheduled to be released, in September 2017.

The case of the Cuban Five has sometimes been linked to that of Alan
, a U.S. government subcontractor who was arrested in Cuba in 2009.

Gross says he was only working to set up access for Cuba’s tiny
Jewish community, but a Cuban court sentenced him to 15 years under a
statute covering crimes against the state. Cuba considers programs like
the U.S. Agency for International Development project that Gross was
contracted for to be attempts at undermining its sovereignty.

Cuba has suggested it might swap Gross for the Cuban Five, but
Washington has rejected any such deal.

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