‘We have an advantage. We’re not scared.’ A former political prisoner to
run in the ‘elections’
YUSIMÍ RODRÍGUEZ LÓPEZ | La Habana | 12 de Abril de 2017 – 12:10 CEST.
‘We will take the voter’s voice wherever necessary’, says José Díaz Silva.
For his anti-Government activism José Díaz Silva has received four jail
sentences totaling 16 years. He is the leader of various internal
dissidence organizations, and frequently ends up in jail. Now he plans
to be a candidate to serve as a Poder Popular (national assembly)
delegate, running on the #Otro18 independent platform, exercising his
right, as stipulated in the Constitution, to elect and to be elected.
Never before had he thought about taking a step of this type. “I do not
belong to the CDR, nor did I use to vote. Years back, we wanted to be
observers. We went here to the Electoral Board close to here, and they
threw us out. I will run here and now because we want to define the
difference between their [pro-Government] candidates and ours,” he
explains. In this way, we will not change the system, but we will act as
spokespeople for the community, which complains about its lack of say.
We know that they will (…) describe us as delinquents and
contrarrevolutionaries. They also claim that we are paid by the Empire.
A lie, and they know it,” says Díaz Silva.
“I get help from my family in the US: two children (also former
political prisoners, for writing ‘down with Fidel’, as stated in their
court records), five siblings, and my mother. My wife has five siblings
there. There I have friends there who want to see a free and democratic
Cuba. They help human rights organizations and political prisoners. They
send food,” he explains.
Díaz Silva is the president ofOpositores por una Nueva República,a
national delegate of the Movimiento Democracia, a national coordinator
of the Orlando Zapata Tamayo Frente de Resistencia y Desobediencia
Civil, and one of the coordinators of the Democratic Action Unity Bureau
“The way you entered through, I clear it with a mower I brought from the
United States. Where is the money assigned for that? It is robbed by
Áreas Verdes, Comunales, the municipal government. They report that the
highway is kept clean. But it is cleaned by a human rights activist,” he
“We want to know where the budget assigned to each municipality goes,
which comes from taxes,” he affirms.
He is already suffering retaliation for his intention to run for office
in his district.
“They have threatened us, telling us that they could easily tie us up in
the courts, which would prevent us from exercising our right. Manuel
Velásquez Licea and Eduardo Herrera Hernández, also candidates, have
been incarcerated for the past six months”, he explains.
“On Tuesday, 28 March, at 4:35 a.m., they knocked on my door. They came
to conduct a search. The paper indicated ‘electronic equipment and
others.’ To make it legal, they have to look for something specific. The
witnesses were people they have used before to carry out acts of
rejection, brought from Santiago de las Vegas. This is a violation, as
the witnesses must be from the community,” he complains.
“I told them to wait, as I was going to get cleaned up. They kicked the
door in. They injured my hand and fingers, throwing me against the wall.
My head was swollen, but it subsided. I bled from my nose. They
handcuffed me. They burned our brochures. They took books, legal
documents (like sentences), two laptops, a mini laptop belonging to my
daughter, and another to my granddaughter, a disk drive, CDs; money,
mine and my daughter’s; two chains worth some 1,200 CUC, my pressure
gauging device, two little short-wave radios, a printer, a television
set antenna, a large television set that my son bought and that entered
legally, through Customs. They left the one in the living room. They
broke the door to my daughter’s room, to which I do not have a key. She
came when the neighbors told her, and they wouldn’t let her in. From the
refrigerator they took a tin of Spam, packages of noodles, six or seven
bars of chocolate, and two of peanut butter, sent for the prisoners,” he
“The police officers’ ID numbers were 29140 and 29113, two captains. And
lieutenant 29156. There was an official from the MININT who, while the
search was carried out, lit up a cigarette. I told him that he was
showing a lack of respect, that in my house nobody smoked. He went
outside to smoke, very annoyed, and when he returned he said to me: ‘you
people, for us, you are animals, dogs, and we are going to do away with
you.’ I asked why he didn’t say that on television, so that the people
could know their position. He responded: ‘that’s just what you’d like.'”
Díaz Silva says that he was taken to Santiago de las Vegas. The
authorities, he indicates, made eight copies of what they took from his
house, but did not give him one.
State Security agents Bruno and Raymo, who had threatened him before,
said to him: ‘Have you seen how what we said is happening?'” the
“The police fined me for handling stolen goods. They let me go the next
day, a 6:00 in the afternoon. Here there are no laws. They could kill us
and nothing would happen.”
Do you think any members of your community will dare to nominate or vote
A family told me that they were going to nominate me. But it remains to
be seen, as they can take measures against the family… but residents
told me that I can count on their votes, and I think that they will dare
to follow through. When the Police entered my house, some neighbors
expressed their indignation to me. It was they who alerted my daughter.
And they are not dissenters.
Many presidents of the CDR and women with the Federation (FMC) approach
us, as dissidents, to tell us that we have their votes.” There are even
police who tell us to “continue fighting, because you are right. They
see that what the regime says, that we are delinquents, is a lie.
How did Fidel and Raúl deal with this? With force. They killed. They
killed police heads, informers. It is in the documentaries that they
broadcast. We don’t do those things. We are pursuing what Fidel Castro
claimed he wanted in History will Acquit Me: a state based on the rule
Traditional delegates, many eager to work, face barriers, like the lack
of resources. Will a dissident be able to do more for the community?
We don’t promise anything, and we don’t have conditions. After all, the
system is our enemy. But we will take the voice of the voter wherever it
is necessary. The community’s vote will give us the right us to demand
solutions to problems before bodies. In this way we have an advantage,
because we are not scared, and we know the laws a little better.
In spite of your intention to run, you say that the way to remove the
Castros’ Communist regime from power is with people in the streets.
They will always look for mechanisms to thwart anything that we do. We
have the example of Oswaldo Payá. It was necessary to change the law,
because he presented the signatures. I was a promoter of the Varela
Project. When it reached [the National Assembly], they said that the
Cuban socialist system was irrevocable, and the Constitution said so.
They mocked what they themselves had written, because they wrote that
Constitution and Penal Code. Now they will do the same thing, but this
is a way to tell the people that we have the right to change this
through peaceful channels.