Human Rights in Cuba

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Trump considers reversing historic Obama-era opening with Cuba
Tracy Wilkinson

President Trump is expected to roll back parts of the historic Obama-era
opening with Cuba, siding with hawks who oppose detente and rejecting
demands from U.S. businesses for whom the island is a ripe potential market.

The decision follows an inter-agency administration review of one of
President Obama’s signature initiatives and would represent a throwback
to policies that date to the Cold War.

The review is believed to have been completed some time ago, with White
House officials waiting for the best time to release it. Trump could
make the announcement as early as this week.

The move will be controversial. It could dull a boom in by
Americans to Cuba and hurt a burgeoning cottage industry of private
enterprise on the socialist-ruled island. And it could allow Russia and
to more easily step in to fill the void.

Some Trump supporters argue however that President has
failed to improve or expand political freedoms and does not
deserve better relations with the U.S.

Human rights is “something that’s very strong to him … It’s one of the
reasons that he’s reviewing the Cuba policy,” Trump spokesman Sean
Spicer said in a recent briefing with reporters. (More than most of his
predecessors, however, Trump has had a selective attitude towards human
rights, rarely raising the issue with some of the world’s most abusive
strongmen.)

Lobbying Trump against Cuba ties are two Cuban American Republican
lawmakers from Florida, Sen. Marco Rubio and Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart.
Proponents of continued dialogue and trade, including farm states,
businesses, the tourism industry and even a group of retired military
officers, have similarly lobbied Congress.

“Normalization was never going to create democracy in Cuba overnight,”
said Tomas Bilbao, founder of a Washington, D.C., consulting firm who is
active in promoting U.S.-Cuban rapprochement. “The idea was to increase
the flow of people, resources and ideas and make the Cuban people less
reliant on the Cuban state.”

Two years before he left office, Obama took the dramatic step of
revealing the results of what had been a long series of secret
negotiations: The United States and Cuba were renewing diplomatic ties
after half a century of hostility.

In the months that followed, American entrepreneurs, tourists and even
congressional delegations beat a path to the shores of the island that
was for so long something of forbidden fruit, barely 100 miles from the
tip of Florida.

U.S. hotel chains signed deals, and airlines and cruise ships scheduled
dozens of tours to Havana and other Cuban cities. Chicken, grain and
other agricultural producers in Louisiana, Kansas and other farm states
exported tons of products to Cuba.

Cuba and the United States reopened embassies in each other’s capital,
diplomatic missions that had been shuttered in 1961.

Ordinary Cubans, long denied access to the Internet, suddenly were able
to go online. Castro allowed Cubans to out of the country more
easily, and an estimated 20% of the is now in private hands for
the first time since consolidated control after the 1959
revolution.

Obama did not end the U.S. imposed on Cuba in 1960. Only
Congress can do that. Trump’s actions would stop the momentum to repeal
the embargo.

Obama argued that the policy of isolation of Cuba for more than 50 years
had failed to oust the Castros, and although Cuba still had political
shortcomings, engagement was more effective than hostility. He crowned
the new era by becoming, in 2016, the first sitting U.S. president to
visit Havana in 90 years.

Fidel Castro died last year at the age of 90, and his brother Raul, 86,
has said he will step down next year after a decade as president.

But leading Cuban dissidents say the situation for human rights has not
improved but worsened. Jose Daniel Garcia, head of Cuba’s largest
opposition group, said harassment and arrests of dissidents have spiked
dramatically in the last year.

“The United States must continue to be the first defender of those who
lack rights and freedoms in the world,” Ferrer wrote in an open letter
to Trump. He called for sanctions against the Castro regime.

Trump is not expected to reverse all of the Cuba opening, according to
people familiar with the review process. He is not likely to close the
U.S. Embassy in Havana, nor would he reimpose restrictions on the
remittances that Cuban Americans in the U.S. send to their families in
Cuba, something that would anger a large Florida voter base.

He would probably also leave in place Obama’s ending of the so-called
“wet foot, dry foot” special immigration status only for Cubans. Under
rules that were in force for two decades, Cubans who reached U.S. shores
were automatically given visas and an easy path to permanent residency.
Obama scrapped the policy in January, saying that normalized relations
meant Cubans should follow the same rules as other migrants and refugees.

Trump would likely revert to pre-Obama restrictions on travel by
Americans to Cuba and on trade and commerce by U.S. companies by
restoring onerous regulations that Obama had lifted. A U.S.-Cuban task
force that was meeting regularly to work out additional bilateral
agreements on issues such as property claims and cargo shipping would
likely be discontinued. He could restore limits on the amount of rum and
cigars that American travelers can bring home.

Rubio, one of the chief hard-liners on Cuba, said last week he was
“confident” that Trump would “keep his commitment” by making changes on
Cuba policy.

Although he spoke rarely of Cuba during the election campaign, Trump did
say he could have made a “better deal” than Obama had. More recently, he
said he and Rubio shared “very similar” views on Cuba.

Rubio has had a couple of intimate dinners with Trump, including one
last Tuesday. Two days later, Rubio was among senators questioning fired
FBI Director James B. Comey and seemed to be one of the most supportive
of Trump.

Obama’s decision to repair the relationship with Cuba greatly enhanced
U.S. standing in the Americas, where Washington had been the lone
hold-out refusing to recognize Havana. And that in turn has helped first
Obama and now Trump to galvanize opposition to the repressive regime in
. Turning its back on Cuba now would hamper Washington’s
attempts to apply pressure on Caracas, diplomats said.

Engage Cuba, a coalition of organizations supporting robust ties with
Cuba, issued a report this month that warned rolling back the policy
could cost U.S. businesses and taxpayers $6.6 billion and 12,295 jobs
over the course of the presidential term.

And Cubans have benefited. Airbnb, for example, said it paid $40 million
to Cubans renting out their homes in the last two years. But Rubio and
others argue most money goes to the Cuban military, which is intricately
intertwined in the Cuban economy.

One measure Trump might take is to condition future U.S. commercial
deals on guarantees that no revenue is paid to the military or ruling
Communist Party.

Retired Gen. David L. McGinnis, part of a group of former military
officers who have also lobbied to retain the opening with Cuba, argued
that undoing the relationship will pose a threat to national security.

He and others said joint U.S.-Cuba progress on busting human-trafficking
rings and interdicting drug-running operations in the waters between the
two countries would be badly impaired.

Moreover, McGinnis said, there are other powers, like Russia, China and
Iran, battling for influence in Cuba as they perceive the U.S. withdrawing.

Russia just this month announced plans to invest $2 billion in repair of
the deteriorated Cuban railway system. Last month, the largest Russian
shipment of crude oil since the fall of the Soviet Union docked at a
Cuban port, and Russia’s defense ministry said it is considering
reopening military bases on the island for the first time in 15 years.

tracy.wilkinson@latimes.com

Source: Trump considers reversing historic Obama-era opening with Cuba –
LA Times –
www.latimes.com/nation/la-fg-trump-cuba-20170611-story.html

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