Human Rights in Cuba

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Trump: New policy on Cuba begins with enforcement of U.S. law
BY MIMI WHITEFIELD
mwhitefield@miamiherald.com

The new Cuba policy announced by President Donald Trump makes it clear
the president will be looking to the Cuban Liberty and Democratic
Solidarity Act of 1996 — also known as the Helms-Burton Act — in forging
his new take on Cuba.

“Our new policy begins with strictly enforcing U.S. law,” Trump said
Friday during a Miami appearance to announce a policy that bans most
U.S. business dealings with the Cuban military and puts some limits on
. “We will enforce the .”

Former President Barack Obama seemed more intent on what he could
legally do on Cuba policy despite the Helms -Burton Act, which among
other things sets strict conditions that must be met by Cuba before the
U.S. embargo against the island can be lifted. Before he left office,
Obama urged Congress to change the law to lift the embargo

In his memo on the new policy, Trump expressed support for the embargo,
including opposing any measures at the United Nations or other
international institutions calling for the end of the embargo, which has
been in effect for more than half a century.

In a signal of Obama’s desire to repair the United States’ fractured
relationship with Cuba, the U.S. abstained for the first time in October
2016 on the annual U.N. General Assembly vote condemning the embargo.
Before, the United States always voted against the U.N. resolution.

In his last month in office, Obama also suspended a section of the
Helms-Burton Act that allows former owners of commercial properties
expropriated by Cuba to sue foreign companies trafficking in those
confiscated holdings.

Every U.S. president has routinely suspended the lawsuit provision every
six months since Helms-Burton went into effect for fear of letting the
lawsuits go forward. The suits would alienate important trading partners
such as and countries whose citizens have invested in Cuba.
It’s unclear if Trump will continue the practice.

Put forward in the super-heated atmosphere after Cuba shot down two
planes, resulting in the deaths of four South
Florida pilots, the 42-page Helms-Burton bill was signed into law in
1996 by President Bill Clinton.

Previously it was up to presidential discretion whether to lift the
embargo, but Helms-Burton set up a range of conditions that must be
satisfied before the embargo can be lifted.

It sets a high bar for Cuba. Among the conditions a transition
government in Cuba must meet are: legalization of all political
activity; release of all political prisoners; dissolution of the present
Department of State Security — including the Committees for Defense of
the Revolution; a public commitment to organize free and fair elections
for a new government that will be held in a period not to exceed 18
months; stopping any interference with Radio or TV Martí broadcasts; and
establishment of an independent judiciary and independent trade unions.

And any new government cannot include Raúl Castro or , now a
moot point. In addition, civil liberties must be respected, private
property rights must be assured and steps must be taken to compensate
U.S. citizens and corporations for properties seized by the Cuban
government after the 1959 Cuban Revolution.

During Congressional testimony last week, U.S. Secretary of State Rex
Tillerson said the administration was in support of continued economic
development in Cuba “as long as it’s done in full compliance with our
existing statutes to not provide financial support to the regime.”

Pressed by Sen. Tom Udall, a Democrat from New Mexico, about whether
that could hamper development of private businesses in Cuba “if they
give a single dime to the government,” Tillerson responded: “Senator, I
know you’re not suggesting that we encourage private companies to
violate the law, but it does require perhaps a more thorough discussion
among the Congress and the executive [branch] over is that law still
useful. But the law is there and we cannot encourage people to violate
that law.”

In May, a bipartisan coalition of lawmakers introduced legislation to
lift the embargo. A bill to lift all restrictions on travel to Cuba, and
one that would remove restrictions on private financing of agricultural
exports to Cuba and impose a 2 percent tax to compensate those who have
certified claims for seized properties also have been introduced. If
Congress were to pass any of that legislation, said South Florida lawyer
Pedro Freyre, it would supercede any executive order by the president on
Cuba.

Follow Mimi Whitefield on Twitter: @HeraldMimi

Source: Trump says it’s time to uphold the law on Cuba | Miami Herald –
www.miamiherald.com/news/nation-world/world/americas/cuba/article156746594.html

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